This book traces the history of the idea that the king and later the messiah is Son of God, from its origins in ancient Near Eastern royal ideology to its Christian appropriation in the New Testament.
Both highly regarded scholars, Adela Yarbro Collins and John J. Collins argue that Jesus was called the Son of God precisely because he was believed to be the messianic king. This belief and tradition, they contend, led to the identification of Jesus as preexistent, personified Wisdom, or a heavenly being in the New Testament canon. However, the titles Jesus is given are historical titles tracing back to Egyptian New Kingdom ideology. Therefore the title Son of God is likely solely messianic and not literal. King and Messiah as Son of God is distinctive in its range, spanning both Testaments and informed by ancient Near Eastern literature and Jewish noncanonical literature.
Adela Yarbro Collins
Sadela Yarbro Collins is Buckingham Professor of New Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale University.John J. Collins is Holmes professor of Old Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale Divinity School and has served as president of both the Society of Biblical Literature and the Catholic Biblical Association.
This volume addresses one of the most important yet difficult questions in all of the Bible , the divinity of Jesus. To understand this issue, two world-class scholars have collaborated to produce an insightful survey of the Messiah in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Second Temple literature, and the New Testament. The result is a very readable and engaging study of New Testament Christology and its Jewish background.
- Mark S. Smith, New York University
"Adela and John Collins add yet another book to their long list of significant contributions to biblical studies. King and Messiah as Son of God stands out as a comprehensive, systematic, and authoritative study of the much discussed and controversial issue of their title. They succeed admirably in demonstrating that kingship, messiahship, and divinity form a complex relationship whose understanding underwent an organic development, yet with a range of variations, from early monarchic Israel and its ancient Near Eastern roots through the Christianity of the New Testament era. In laying out this picture, the Collinses offer an exemplary set of close readings of the ancient sources and the welter of modern scholarship on them. Everywhere evident is their capacity for incisive, balanced judgments regarding difficult texts and problems and their ear for subtle nuances that might easily have escaped other interpreters."
- Peter Machinist, Harvard University
"The combined wisdom of Adela and John Collins is here brought to bear on the study of messianism, its origins and history, and its role in the emergence of Christian theology. Their grasp of the subject and their intellectual breadth will make this book a standard reference point for the study of messianism for years to come."
- Christopher Rowland, Queens College, Oxford