'Fiery the angels fell; slow thunder rolled around their shores, burning with the fires of Orc.' Whether in recent popular culture, or back across countless centuries, angels have perpetually enthralled and even terrified us. 'Every single angel is terrible,' wrote the German Romantic poet Rilke: 'and so I hold myself back from the dark bird-cry of my anguished sobbing.' For sceptics, angels may be no more than metaphors: poetic devices to convey, at least for those with a religious sensibility, an active divine interest in creation. But for others, angels are absolutely real creatures: manifestations of cosmic power with the capacity either to enlighten or annihilate those whose awestruck paths they cross. Valery Rees offers the first comprehensive history of these beautiful, enigmatic and sometimes dangerous beings, whose existence and actions have been charted across the eons of time and civilization.
Whether exploring the fevered visions of Ezekiel and biblical cherubim; Persian genii; Arab djinn; Islamic archangels; the austere and haunting icons of Andrei Rublev; or Wim Wenders' Wings of Desire and the more benign idea of the watchful guardian angel, the author shows that the ubiquity of these celestial messengers reveals something profound, if not about God or the devil, then about ourselves: our perennial preoccupation with the transcendent.
A prominent scholar of the Renaissance, Valery Rees is a senior member of the Language Department of the School of Economic Science in London. Among her published works are two essay collections she co-edited, Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy (2002) and Laus Platonici Philosophi (2011). She has featured several times as a panellist on BBC Radio 4’s flagship ideas programme, In Our Time.
I very much enjoyed Valery Rees’ From Gabriel to Lucifer. It is a terrific read: an absorbing account of angels across world history, ancient and modern. The author manages to find comparisons and connections in civilisations which appear to be quite different, and presents what could seem as merely antique speculations in a fresh and most thoughtful way. She gives us visions of worlds in which angels played their part as much as we now reckon that particles do today. She brings to life an aspect of our past often forgotten or dismissed but compellingly relevant to the worldview of those who lived only a few centuries ago.
- Melvyn Bragg
Rees flits across space and time with an aptly angelic facility. Ranging from ancient Sumeria to the novels of Philip Pullman, and from medieval scholasticism to Jungian theory, the breadth of her learning is formidable.
- Tom Holland, Guardian
Rees' breadth is astonishing and her judgment almost always good... I was carried away on her thoroughly enjoyable angelic switchback ride through history.
- Christopher Howse, Spectator
Whether as mediators between the divine and human, or involved in the complex intertwining of good and evil, angels form a central part of human culture. In her fascinating book, From Gabriel to Lucifer, Valery Rees offers her readers a tantalising glimpse of the multi-faceted role angels have played in religion and history. She thereby helps restore to a more prominent position this much-neglected feature of human experience.
- Christopher Rowland, Dean Ireland's Professor of the Exegesis of Holy Scripture, University of Oxford, and author of Blake and the Bible
Our fascination with angels and the angelic seems to go from strength to strength, and in her new book Valery Rees provides a lively and engaging account of why that is. Thoughtful and intelligent throughout, From Gabriel to Lucifer is a thorough and thought-provoking guide to the role of angels in many of the world’s religions and cultures.
- Oliver Leaman, Professor of Philosophy and Zantker Professor of Judaic Studies, University of Kentucky
This work of deep learning traces the idea of angelic beings through the history of the religions of the Book, and the cultures from which they emerged. Speculations so widespread and of such duration and elaboration plainly represent some general need or intuition; the book is an angel in itself, bringing us a message about human attempts to imagine and comprehend the mysterious universe we live in.
- Jill Paton Walsh, CBE, author of Knowledge of Angels (shortlisted for the Booker Prize, 1994)
Angels – Universal and Archetypal
Filling the Space between Earth and Heaven
Angels in the Judaean Desert
The Celestial Hierarchy
Angels and Humans
Angels and Demons
Angels of the Reformation
Angels at the Edge
Wings or No Wings? Angels as Messengers
The Great Protectors
Origins of the Cherubim
Cherubim in the Bible
Cherubim after the Bible
The Chariot and the Throne
Angels and Archangels
The Fourth Archangel
Angel Guides in the World to Come
Angel Guides in this World
Healing Powers of Guardian Angels
Angels of Retribution and Redemption