St Teresa of Jesus was born in 1515 in Avila, Spain and entered the Carmelite convent of the Incarnation in 1535, against the wishes of her father. During a serious illness, she practiced mental prayer and started receiving intellectual visions and locutions from Our Lord which continued for the rest of her life. Together with St John of the Cross, she began a reform movement which stressed a return to a traditional rule of poverty and simplicity for Carmelites. St Teresa died on 4 October 1582 in Alba de Torres. She was canonised along with St Ignatius of Loyola, St Francis Xavier, and St Phillip Neri in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV.